ZIMBABWE

Zimbabwe                                                  




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General Information                                   

Official name: Republic of Zimbabwe
Capital:  Harare
Parliament: Upper Chamber; Senate (93 Seats) ; Lower Chamber; House of Assembly (210 Seats)
National day:
  18 April  ( Independence day 1980 )
National Anthem:
  Kalibusiswe lizwe leZimbabwe (Blessed is the
Land of Zimbabwe)
Motto:
Unity, Freedom, Work
Administrative areas:
  8 Provinces and 2 City Councils (
Harare and Bulawayo)
Language:
English  ( Official );  Indigenous languages ; Shona and Sindebele
Currency: The local currency in Zimbabwe has lost in value to such an extent, that it is no more relevant as a legal tender. Travellers are therefore recommended to bring USD or South African Rand ( ZAR ) for local payments. Bring the currency in smaller denominations, as there will be no change in return.
Population:
12,000,000 (An estimated 3,000,000 have left the country as refugees.)
Tribes: 67 % Shona; 11 % Ndebele
Religion:
45 % Protestant; 24 % Traditional; 7 % Roman Catholics
Rivers :
Zambezi,
Limpopo, Shangani, Sabi, many seasonal rivers.
Lakes: Kariba
Airports: 400 (17 paved runways)
Roads: 18,300 km (8700 km paved roads)
Railways:
3,077 km 

The flag of Zimbabwe was adopted on April 8, 1980. The soapstone bird featured on the flag represent a statuette of a bird found at the ruins of Great Zimbabwe. The bird symbolizes the history of Zimbabwe; the red star beneath it symbolizes the revolutionary struggle for liberation and peace.


The Coat of Arms of Zimbabwe was adopted on September 21, 1981, one year and five after the national flag was adopted. The Coat of Arms depicts two kudus on the left and right, each standing on top of an earthly mound composed of stalks of wheat, a pile of cotton, and a headof maize. At their feet there is also a banner emblazoned with the Zimbabwe national motto ( Unity, Fredom, Work ). The shield itself is green, featuring 14 waves of alternating white and blue waved lines at top  ( Chief argent ), and also at the center of the shield a representation of the ancient Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe is shown. Placed behind the shield are an agricultural hoe ( to the left ) and an AK-4 automatic rifle ( to the right ), both of which are tied with twisted strips of green and and gold silk. On the crest, the red star and the Great Zimbabwe Bird, which are also depicted in the national flag, are shown.

 

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