MAURITIUS

Mauritius                                         



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Profile Mauritius                       

Official name:
Republic of Mauritius

Capital: 
Port Louis

Parliament:  National Assembly (66 Seats)

National day:  12 March  ( Independence Day 1968 )

National Anthem:  Motherland

Motto:  Stella Clavisque Maris Indici  ( The Star and the Key of the
Indian Ocean )

Administrative areas:  9 Districts and 3 Dependant Areas.

Language:
English ( Official Language )
Other: French, Creole, Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bhojpuri and Morisyen.

Currency:  1 Mauritian Rupee (MUR) = 100 Cents

Denominations:

Notes;  25, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1,000 and 2,000 MUR
Coins; 1, 5 and 10 MUR

Population:  1,250,000

Ethnic groups:  68 %   Indo-Mauritian; 27 %   Creole; 3 %   Chinese Mauritian;   2 %    French Mauritian

Religion:  50 %   Hindu; 24 %   Roman Catholic; 17 %   Muslims;   8 %   Protestants

Rivers :
Black River and GreatRiver.

Lake:  Vacoas

Airports:
  6 (2 paved runways)

Roads:  2,000 km ( 2,000 km paved roads) 

The flag of the Republic of Mauritius was adopted upon independence, March 12, 1968. It consists of four horizontal stripes of equal width, colored ( from top to bottom. ) red, blue, yellow and green. The flag was recorded at the College of Arms in London on 9 January, 1968.The civil ensign ( for private vessels ) and Government ensign ( for state vessels ) are red and blue flags, respectively, each with the national flag in the
canton and the Coat of Arms of Mauritius in the fly. The naval ensign ( used by coast guard vessels ) is an unusual design consisting of red, white, and blue vertical stripes of unequal width defaced by a central anchor / key emblem.

The Coat of Arms for the Republic of Mauritius was adopted in 1906, and it consists of a shield , with four quarter s. The first quarter shows a ship, a symbol of the colonial era. The second quarter contains three
palm trees, representing the island vegetations. And the third- and the fourth quarters includes a key and a star. The latter forms part of the motto “ The  Star and the Key of the Indian Ocean “. Sugar canes a sambur deer and a dodo supports the shield. 

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