DJIBOUTI

Djibouti                                                             
Officially the Republic of Djibouti with her Capital  Djibouti City , is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden at the east. Djibouti, which had a population of 818,159 at the 2009 census,is one of the least populous countries in Africa.The predominant religion in Djibouti is Islam, with a 94% majority, with the remaining 6% practicing Christianity. The land was known as Obock and French Somaliland (Côte française des Somalis) in the 19th century; in 1967, it changed its name to Afars and Issas after new treaties with France. The territory was declared an independent nation in 1977 and changed its name to the "Republic of Djibouti" after its principal city. Djibouti joined the United Nations on September 20, 1977. While Djibouti is an independent sovereign state, it maintains deep French relations, and through various military and economic agreements with France, it receives continued security and economic assistance.  ( Reference to Wikipedia )     



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Djibouti                                                                              
Culture
Djiboutian attire reflects the region's hot and arid climate. When not dressed in western clothing such as jeans and t-shirts, men typically wear the macawiis, which is a sarong-like garment worn around the waist. Among nomads, many wear a loosely wrapped white cotton robe called a tobe that goes down to about the knee, with the end thrown over the shoulder (much like a Roman toga).

Women typically wear the dirac, which is a long, light, diaphanous voile dress made of cotton or polyester that is worn over a full-length half-slip and a bra. Married women tend to sport head-scarves referred to as shash, and also often cover their upper body with a shawl known as garbasaar. Unmarried or young women, however, do not always cover their heads. Traditional Arabian garb such as the male jellabiya (jellabiyaad in Somali) and the female jilbāb is also commonly worn. For some occasions such as festivals, women may adorn themselves with specialized jewelry and head-dresses similar to those worn by the Berber tribes of the Maghreb.

A lot of Djibouti's original art is passed on and preserved orally, mainly through song. Many examples of Islamic, Ottoman, and French influences can also be noted in the local buildings, which contain plasterwork,carefully constructed motifs and calligraphy.

Education
Education in Djibouti is strongly influenced by France. Although the government effort resulted in an increase in enrollment during the 1990s, the education system is still below people’s expectations and the needs of a developing nation. There are 81 public primary schools, 24 registered private primary schools, 12 secondary schools and two vocational schools in Djibouti. Female gross enrollment rate was at 21.9% and male gross enrollment rate was at 29.0% in 2007.  ( Reference to Wikipedia )

Capital
Djibouti City
Official language(s)
-  French, Arabic
Recognised national languages
-   Somali, Afar
Demonym
-  Djiboutian
Government
-  Semi-presidential republic 
-  President Ismail Omar Guelleh 
-  Prime Minister Dileita Mohamed Dileita
Independence 
-   From France June 27, 1977 
Area 
-  Total 23,200 km²  (149th)   8,958 sq mi  
-  Water (%) 0.09 (20 km² / 7.7 sq mi)
Population 
-  2009 estimate 864,000  (160th) 
-  2009 census 818,159  
-  Density 37.2/km2 (168th)   96.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate 
-  Total $2.105 billion  
 -  Per capita $2,554 
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate 
 -  Total $1.140 billion  
 -  Per capita $1,383 
Currency
-  Franc (DJF)
Time zone
-  EAT (UTC+3)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Drives
-  On the right
ISO 3166 code
-  DJ
Internet TLD
-   .dj
Calling code
-  253

More Country Information from Foreign & Commonwealth Office.

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