ERITREA

Eritrea                                                
Officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa. The capital is Asmara. It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeast and east of the country has an extensive coastline on the Red Sea, directly across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands are part of Eritrea. The country is virtually bisected by one of the world's longest mountain ranges, formed by the processes that formed the Great Rift Valley, with fertile lands to the west, descending to desert in the east. Eritrea, at the southern end of the Red Sea, is the home of the fork in the rift. The Dahlak Archipelago and its fishing grounds are situated off the sandy and arid coastline. The land to the south, in the highlands, is slightly drier and cooler.

The Afar Triangle or Danakil Depression of Eritrea is the probable location of a triple junction where three tectonic plates are pulling away from one another: the Arabian Plate, and the two parts of the African Plate (the Nubian and the Somali plate) splitting along the East African Rift Zone (USGS). The highest point of the country, Emba Soira, is located in the center of Eritrea, at 3,018 meters (9,902 ft) above sea level.
The main cities of the country are the capital city of Asmara and the port town of Asseb in the southeast, as well as the towns of Massawa to the east, and Keren to the north. ( Reference to Wikipedia )



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Eritrea                               
The Eritrean region has traditionally been a nexus for trade throughout the world. Because of this, the influence of diverse cultures can be seen throughout Eritrea. Today the most obvious influences in the capital, Asmara, are those of Italy. Throughout Asmara, there are small cafes serving beverages common in Italy. In Asmara, there is a clear merging of the Italian colonial influence with the traditional Tigrinya lifestyle. In the villages of Eritrea, these changes never took hold. In the cities, before the occupation and during the early years, the import of Bollywood films was commonplace, while Italian and American films were available in the cinemas as well. In the 1980s and since independence, however, American films have become the most common. Vying for market share are films by local producers, who have slowly come into their own. The global broadcast of Eri-TV has brought cultural images to the large Eritrean population in the Diaspora that visits the country every summer. Successful domestic films are produced by government and independent studios with revenue from ticket sales typically covering the production costs.

Traditional Eritrean dress is quite varied, with the women of most lowland ethnicities traditionally dressing in brightly colored clothes, while the Tigrinya traditionally dress in bright white costumes. Of the Muslim ethnicities, only the Arab or Rashaida tribeswomen maintain a tradition of covering their faces.

Football and cycling are the most popular sports in Eritrea. In recent years, Eritrean athletes have also seen increasing success in the international arena.  ( Reference to Wikipedia )

Capital
Asmara   (and largest city) 
Official language(s)
-  Tigrinya, Arabic, English 
Other languages
-  Tigre, Saho, Bilen, Afar, Kunama, Nara, Hedareb, Italian,.[2][3]
Ethnic groups 
-  55% Tigrinya,
-  30% Tigre,
-  4% Saho,
-  2% Kunama,
-  2% Rashaida,
-  2% Bilen,
-  5% other (Afar, Beni, Amir, Nera) (2010 est.) [1]
Demonym
-  Eritrean
Government
-  Provisional government 
-  President Isaias Afewerki
Independence 
-  From Italy November 1941  
-  From United Kingdom under UN Mandate 1951  
-  From Ethiopia de facto 24 May 1991  
-  From Ethiopia de jure 24 May 1993 
Area 
-  Total 117,600 km²  (100th)  45,405 sq mi  
-  Water (%) 0.14%
Population 
-  2011 estimate 5,824,000 (109th) 
-  2008 census 5,291,370  
-  Density 43.1/km2 (165th)  111.7/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate 
-  Total $3.625 billion[4]  
-  Per capita $681[4] 
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate 
-  Total $2.117 billion[4]  
-  Per capita $397[4] 
Currency
-  Nakfa (ERN)
Time zone
-  EAT (UTC+3) 
-  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Drives
-  On the right
ISO 3166 code
-  ER
Internet TLD
-   .er
Calling code
-  291 
 
More Country Information from Foreign & Commonwealth Office.                            

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