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Lake Nakuru National Park

Lake Nakuru National Park                                      
Lake Nakuru is a very shallow strongly alkaline lake 62 km2 in extent. It is set in a picturesque landscape of surrounding woodland and grassland next to Nakuru town. The landscape includes areas of marsh and grasslands alternating with rocky cliffs and outcrops, stretches of acacia woodland and rocky hillsides covered with a Euphorbia forest on the eastern perimeter. The lake catchment is bounded by Menengai crater to the north, the Bahati hills to the north east, the lion hill ranges to the east, eburu crater to the south and the mau escarpment to the west. Three major rivers, the njoro, makalia and enderit drain into the lake, together with treated water from the town's sewage works and the outflow from several springs along the shore.


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Lake Nakuru National Park                                                 
The park lies in Central Kenya, 140 km north-west of Nairobi, in Nakuru district of the Rift Valley Province. The ecosystem comprises of the lake, surrounded by mainly wooded and bushy grasslands. The park supports a wide ecological diversity with Flamingos (Greater and Lesser) and other water birds being the major attractions of the area. The ecosystem provides for about 56 different species of mammals including the white rhino and buffaloes and a variety of terrestrial birds numbering nearly 450 species.

Vegetation
The vegetation is mainly wooded and bushy grassland with a wide ecological diversity and characteristic habitats that range from the lake waters to the escarpment and ridges. The normally water-covered surface of the lake occupies about a third of the park. The lake water supports a dense bloom of the blue-green Cyanophyte Spirulina platensis from which it derives its colour and which is the major food source for the flamingo. The lake is fringed by alkaline swamps with areas of sedge, Cyprus laevigatus and typha marsh along the river inflows and springs. The surrounding areas support a dry transitional savanna with lake margin grasslands of Sporobolus spicatus salt grass moving into grasslands of Hyparrhenia hirta and rhodes grass Chloris gayana in the lower areas. More elevated areas have dry forest with Acacia xanthophloea, olive Olea hochstetteri and Croton dichogamus; Euphorbia candelabrum forest; and bushland dominated by the composites, Mulelechwa Tarchonanthus camphoratus and Psiadia arabica. Rocky hillsides on the Parks eastern perimeter are covered with Tarchonanthys scrub and a magnificent Euphobia candelabrum forest.

Access
-  By Road:  Distance: 156 km Northwest of Nairobi on the main A104 Road. The main gate is 4km from Nakuru Town Centre.
-  By Air: Via the 12 km long ‘Naishi’ airstrip located in the southern part of the park.

Park Gates
-  Lanet gate (links the Park with the Nairobi-Nakuru highway).
-  Nderit Gate.
- The Main Gate.

Size and Location
-  188 Km2
-  160 KM north-west of Nairobi

Climate
-  Temperature ranges from 20-300 c and rainfall from 200mm – 700 mm.
-  Two rain seasons: Long rains – March & April & short rains – Nov/ December.

Safari Card Required
Entry is by
Safari Card only. Safaricards may be loaded – but not obtained at Mtito Andei Gate. Proof of identification will be required.
-  Citizens – Valid Passport or National ID.
-  Residents – Valid Passport & re entry pass.

Attractions
-  The fabulous flamingo.
-  An orthologist’s paradise with 450 species of birds.
-  Kenya’s first rhino sanctuary.
-  Waterfall : Malaikq.
-  View –points: Lion hill, baboon cliffs and Out of Africa.
-  Hills :Enasoit , lion hill, honeymoon e.t.c.

Wildlife
Thomson’s and Grant gazelle, the long-eared leaf-nosed bat, colobus monkey, rock hyrax, hippo, leopard, lion, rhino, waterbuck. Impala, gazelle, striped hyena,bat-eared fox, wildcat, reedbuck, implala, gazelle, striped hyena,golden cat, black and white rhinos.

Birds
Prolific birdlife features 450 species ans upto 1.5 million flamingos.

Activities
-  Game viewing.
-  Bird watching.
-  Camping

What to take with you.
Drinking water, picnic items and camping equipment if you intend to stay overnight. Also useful are: binoculars, camera, hat, sunscreen, sunglasses and guidebooks.

Park Contacts
Phone:       + 254-51-2217151, 2217371
Email:      
kwslnnp@africaonline.co.ke
Postal Address: Tsavo West National Park,The Warden,PO Box 539,Nakuru.