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Nairobi National Park

Nairobi National Park                                                
The 117 km 2 Nairobi National Park is unique by being the only protected area in the world with a variety of animals and birds close to a capital city. As expected, the park is a principal attraction for visitors to Nairobi. The park also serves many residents and citizens living in the city The park has a diversity of environments with characteristic fauna and flora. Open grass plains with scattered acacia bush are predominant. The western side has a highland dry forest and a permanent river with a riverine forest in the south. In addition, there are stretches of broken bush country and deep, rocky valleys and gorges with scrub and long grass. Man-made dams have also added a further habitat, favourable to certain species of birds and other aquatic biota(life forms). The dams also attract water dependent herbivores during the dry season. The park has a rich/diverse birdlife with 400 species recorded. However all species are not always present and some are seasonal. Northern migrants pass through the park primarily during late March through April.


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Nairobi National Park                                       
"The World’s only wildlife capital"
Nairobi National Park is one of the most successful of Kenya's rhino sanctuaries that is already generating a stock for reintroduction in the species former range and other upcoming sanctuaries. Due to this success, it is one of the few parks where a visitor can be certain of seeing a black rhino in its natural habitat. To the south of the park is the Athi-Kapiti Plains and Kitengela Migration and dispersal area. These are vital areas for herbivores dispersal during the rains and concentrate in the park in the dry season.
Nairobi National Park is a unique ecosystem by being the only protected area in the world close to a capital city. The park is located only 7 km from Nairobi city centre. The savannah ecosystem comprise of different vegetation types. Open grass plains with scattered acacia bush are predominant. The western side has a highland dry forest and a permanent river with a riverine forest.  To the south are the Athi-Kapiti Plains and Kitengela migration corridor which are important wildlife dispersal areas during the rain season. Man-made dams within the park have added a further habitat, favourable to certain species of birds and other aquatic biome.Major wildlife attractions are the Black rhino, lion, leopard, cheetah, hyena, buffaloes, Giraffe, zebra, wildebeest, elands and diverse birdlife with over 400 species recorded.  Other attractions include the Ivory burning site Monument, Nairobi Safari Walk, the Orphanage and the walking trails at hippo pools.  
 
Access
-  By Road: Distance: 10km South of Nairobi City Center.
-  By Air:  Jomo Kenyatta International Airport and Wilson Airports.

Roads
Located only about 7 km from the city centre, the park is easily accessible on tarmac roads, mainly through Langata Road.

Park Roads
There is an adequate administration and viewing road network with satisfactory signage.

Park gates
The park has seven gates, the main gate at KWS headquarters, East Gate, Cheetah Gate, Lang'ata Gate, Maasai Gate: Mbagathi and Banda Gate are service gates and therefore not used by tourists.
The park has 7 gates. 2 gates being for KWS service use only.

The gates are
-  Main gate: KWS headquarters Langata road.
-  Cheetah Gate.
-  Langata Gate.
-  Maasai Gate.
-  Mbagathi Gate(service gate).
-  Banda Gate(service gate).

Size and Location
-  117 Km 2
-  Nairobi Province

Climate
January-March is hot and dry, April-June is hot and wet, and July-October is very warm and wet.

Safari Card Required
Entry is by Safari Card only. Safari Cards may be obtained  and loaded at main gate, Nairobi National Park. Proof of identification will be required.
-  Citizens – Valid Passport or National ID.
-  Residents – Valid Passport & re entry pass.

Attractions
-  The only Wildlife park in the world that is so close to the city.
-  Black rhinoceros :which is an endangered species.
-  The first park to be gazetted in Kenya on December 16, 1946.
-  Major rhino sanctuary for breeding and restocking other parks.
-  Lone Tree.
-  Directors tree planting site.

Picnic Facilities
For corporate events, bush dinners, weddings, picnics, team building sessions, video and film production.

- Mokoyiet,
-  King Fisher
-  Historic ivory burning site.
-  Impala
-  Annual wildebeest and zebra migration in July/August.
-  Black rhinoceros.
-  Diverse birdlife.
-  Large predators- lion, leopard, hyena and cheetah.
-  Aggregations of large herbivores- eland, buffalo, zebra and wildebeest.
-  Walking trails at hippo pools.
-  Nairobi Safari Walk & the Orphanage.
-  Spacious accomodating picnic sites.

Activities
-  Game viewing.
-  Corporate Events such as Bush Dinners, Team Building, Video and Film Production.
-  Special Events such as Weddings.
-  Three-star Rangers Restaurant where patrons relax for meals while overlooking the park.
-  Perfect outing place for families, couples, friends, bonding, game viewing, family get-togethers.

Wildlife
-  Large predators- lion, leopard, hyena and cheetah.
-  Aggregations of large herbivores- eland, buffalo, zebra and wildebeest.
-  Ivory Burning Site Monument.
-  Walking trails at hippo pools
-  Nairobi Safari Walk & the Orphanage.
-  Spacious accommodating picnic sites.
-  Animals include buffalo, giraffe, lion, leopard, baboon, zebra, wildebeest and cheetah---100 mammal species.
-  400 migratory and endemic bird species.

Vegetation
The vegetation is primarily dry savanna, open grass plains with scattered acacia bushes. The park also has a permanent river with a riverine forest. The western upland areas has an upland dry forest with stands of Olea africana and Croton dichogamus/Brachylaena hutchinsii and calodendrum. The lower slopes are a grassland composed of such species as: Themeda, Cyprus, Digitaria, and Cynodon with scattered yellow-barked acacia, Acacia xanthophloea. In addition there are stretches of broken bush country and deep rocky valleys and gorges with scrub and long grass. There is gallery forest in the valleys, predominantly Acacia spp., and Euphobia candelabrum. Other tree species include Apodytes dimidiata, Canthium schimperanum, Elaeodendron buchananii, Newtonia sp., Ficus eriocarpa, Aspilia mossambicensis, and Rhus natalensis.
Several plants growing on the rocky hillsides are unique to the Nairobi area including Euphobia brevitorta, Drimia calcarata, Murdannia clarkeana and the crassula sp.

What to take with you
-  Drinking water, picnic items. Also useful are: binoculars, camera, hat, sunscreen, sunglasses and a guidebook.
-  Diverse birdlife:Has over 400 bird species. At least 20 of which are seasonal European migrants.
- Home to over 100 mammal species, four of the Big Five (lion, Buffalo, leopard and  rhino).
-  Has a spectacular wildebeest and zebra migration.

Park Contacts
Phone:       null
Email:       nnp@kws.go.ke 
Postal Address:Nairobi National Park,The Warden, PO Box 42076, Nairobi, Kenya.

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