KRUGER NATIONAL PARK

Kruger National Park
A wildlife paradise teeming with life, the Kruger national Park is the ultimate destination for the tourist seeking indigenous flora, fertile valleys, sub-tropical Lowveld vegetation and a diversity of habitat and wildlife. Kruger was established in 1898 as the Sabie Game Reserve and proclaimed a national park in 1926, making it the oldest national park in South Africa. Rich in biodiversity, the park stretches for 350 km from south to north along the Mozambican border to where South Africa, Mozambique and Zimbabwe meet at the infamous Crooks Corner. Together with Mozambique´s Limpopo National Park and Zimbabwe´s Gonarezhou, Kruger now also forms part of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park - a unique political innovation that created a colossal wilderness area. Over 1 million visitors per year flock to Kruger, to experience close encounters with the wildlife in a natural unfenced environment. Some visitors go there to relax while others want to experience nature in a more spiritual way. This jewel in the crown of SANParks is truly all things to all people and the natural heritage of all South Africans.


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Kruger National Park
“Why Rush? Stay Longer, See More!”
Where nearly 2 million hectares of unrivalled diversity of life forms fuses with historical and archaeological sights – this is real Africa.

The world-renowned Kruger National Park offers a wildlife experience that ranks with the best in Africa. Established in 1898 to protect the wildlife of the South African Lowveld, this national park of nearly 2 million hectares, SANParks - Kruger National Park is unrivalled in the diversity of its life forms and a world leader in advanced environmental management techniques and policies.

Truly the flagship of the South African national parks, Kruger is home to an impressive number of species: 336 trees, 49 fish, 34 amphibians, 114 reptiles, 507 birds and 147 mammals. Man's interaction with the Lowveld environment over many centuries - from bushman rock paintings to majestic archaeological sites like Masorini and Thulamela - is very evident in the Kruger National Park. These treasures represent the cultures, persons and events that played a role in the history of the Kruger National Park and are conserved along with the park's natural assets.

Special features
Stone Age Rock Paintings
Kruger conserves not only natural, but also cultural heritage. There are almost 254 km known cultural heritage sites in the Kruger National Park, including nearly 130 recorded rock art sites. Cultural artefacts of Stone Age  man have been founde for thr period 100,000 to 30,000 years ago and more than 300 archaelogical sites, with significant archaelogical ruins at Thulamela and Masorini, have been found to date.

Things to seek
The Big Five ( Buffalo, Elephant, Leopard, Lion and Rhino ).

Birding Big Six ( Ground Hornbill, Kori Bustard, Lappet-faced Vulture, Martial Eagle, Pel´s Fishing Owl and Saddle-bill Stork ).
Five Trees ( Baobab, Fever Tree, Knob Thorn, Marula and Mopane ).
Natural / Cultural features ( Letaba Elephant Museum, Jock of the Bushveld Route, Albasini Ruins, Masorini Ruins, Stevenson Hamilton Memorial Library, Thulamela ).

Seasons  ( best game viewing in April to September )
The region's subtropical climate features hot, generally rainy,( summer = October to March ), summer and extremely pleasant ( winter = April to September )  winter, with warm dry days and cold nights. Traditionally, the best game viewing is in winter. During the wet season, animals are more wiedly distributed throughout the park due to plentful natural water sources, such as pans and flowing rivers, that makes them less restricted to artificial water points closer to roads.

Wildlife
Kruger is one of the premier game-watching destinations in the world. Approximately 148 mammal species occure in the park. It is possible to see all the classical African big game, including elephant, black and white rhino, hippopotamus, giraffe, zebra, buffalo, warthog and many antelope species. Large carnivores include lion, leopard, cheetah, wild dog and spotted hyena, but there are also many smaller, equally enticing mammal species.

Activities
The Kruger national Park offers its visitors up close and personal nature experiences with a variety of guided activities. Daily early morning and afternoon guided game walks are available from most camps. Game drives in open safari vehicles give guests the unique opportunity to search for game outside of normal gate opening and closing times. This is your chance to take part in the nocturnal activities of Kruger's secretive creatures, or even meet them while dining in the bush at a bush braai. Alternatively broaden your horizons with a game drive with a difference. The Astronomy Drive demystifies the African skies and you get the chance to view planets and constellations through a giant telescope.
Or get the adrenaline flowing by testing your game viewing skills on a mountain bike. Reasonably strenuous, Mountain Bike Trails are recommended for guests with a high level of fitness. The more adventurous can experience the wilderness overnight and on foot with the catered Wilderness Trail or Self - catered Olifants River Back Pack Trail. These trails are designed on a strictly " take in, take out " basis and guests only leave their footprints. 4 x 4 enthusiasts can tackle the overnight Lebombo Overland Eco Trail that follows the eastern boundary of the Kruger National Park along the Lebombo Hills from the extreme South to the extreme North.
As a day-trip, the Adventure Trail offers 4 x 4 owners the chance to get off the beaten track and traverse part of Kruger that are rarely explored.

Most guided activities are limited to a maximum of 8 guests. Experienced professional and armed guides act as trail leader and interpret the natural surroundings at regular intervals, to make the most of your activity.

So, if you want more than self drive game viewing, take a walk on the wild side with any of these exiting options:
Lebombo Overland Eco Trail   ( 4 x 4 wilderness trail )
Wilderness Trails  ( discover unspoiled wilderness areas on foot )

Olifant River back Pack Trail  ( " no trace " hiking for the more adventurous )
Astronomy Drive  ( the southern hemisphere skies and African star lore revealed )
Mountain Bike Trails  ( combine your cycling skills with game viewing )
Adventure Trails  ( traverse  territories previously unknown )
Guided Walk  ( take a walk on the wild side )
Game Drives  ( the activities of Kruger´s nocturnal animal revealed )
Bush Braais  ( dine under the African skies whilst listening to the sounds of the bushveld )
Golf  ( dare to play a round on an unfenced 9-hole  ( 18 - tee ) golf course at Skukuza )

Day visitors;  threshold on numbers vehicles per day.
All the main rest camps have day visitor area and there are also many picnic spots and other visitor get out points distributed throughout the park. At the picnic spots visitors can ( for a nominal fee ) hire gas skottels ( outdoor elevated frying pans ) to cock meals on. There is a maximum threshold of vehicles that can enter the park daily. If this threshold is reached, only visitors with a pre - booked overnight accommodation will be permitted  access. Such situations tend only to arise in extreme cases, such as public holidays and long weekends.

Speed Limits and Travel Times
The maximum speed limit of 50 km/h on tar and 40 km/h on gravel roads, means that travelling times within the park are considerably longer than outside the park.

Rules and Regulations
Take note of all the rules and regulations as displayed  on the entrance permit pamphlet and on the brown information boards as you enter Kruger. Should you be found in contravention of these rules, you may be liable for a fine. Remain inside your vehicle and remember to consult the " game spotting board " near reception office to enhance your game viewing opportunities.


Gate Closing Time
Visitors to the park should take into consideration the distance to and from Kruger, and bear in mind they have to arrive at the camp of their choice, before gate closing time.
18:00 - August, September and October.
18:30 - November, December, January and February.
18:00 - March and April.
17:30 - May, June and July.

Give yourself time to enjoy the natural beauty of Kruger.

Accommodation
Kruger National Park accommodation is rustic, and gives that back-to-nature feeling. There are very few technological comforts ( i.e. no room service, telephones or televisions ) in the units, in order for guests to hear the sounds of wild animals at night.
Accommodation facilities
Accommodation facilities in Kruger are grouped in camps scattered throughout the Park. Camps are surrounded by electrical fences for guest safety. Main camps are linked by tar roads but most roads ( tar and gravel ) are accessible by normal sedan vehicles.

Most first time visitors choose one of the 12 main camps for their stay as these camps have restaurants, shops, fuel station and other facilities. After getting to know the Park better, other more rustic self-catering camps like the busgveld camps are chosen for their exclusivity.

The kruger National Park boasts:
12 main rest camps.
5 bushveld camps.
2 bush lodges.
5 satellite camps, and
2 sleepover hides.
A total of more than 4,500 beds.

It is one of the world´s most populare public entry game parks with more than 1 million visitors per year.

Accommodation types
Accommodation types on offer give a choice to suit all types of budgets and needs.

Bungalow
Single bedroom units with a bathroom and a choice of communal kitchen, or basic kitchenette. Bungalows with perimeter or river views can be reserved, while others have been upgraded to luxury status.
Berg-en-dal, Crocodile Bridge, Letaba, Lower Sabie, Malelane, Mopani, Olifants, Orpen, Pretoriuskop, Punda Maria, Satara, Shingwedzi, Skukuza.

Bush Lodge
Exclusive , private lodges where access is restricted to residents. A bush lodge must be reserved in totally. Bush Lodges have no reception offices, shops or restaurant facilities.
Boulders, Roodewal.

Camping
Sites for caravans or tents - most have power ( exept Balule, Tsendze and some at Punda Maria and Pretoriuskop ). Sites at Lower Sabie have designated boundaries and own water taps.
Balule, Berg-en-dal, Crocodile Bridge, Pretoriuskop, Letaba, Lower Sabie, Malelane, Maroela, Punda Marie, Satara, Shingwedzi, Skukuza, Tsendze.

Cottage
Single bedroom units with living room, bathroom and kitchen.
Biyamiti, Mopani, Shimuwini, Shingwedzi, Sirheni, Talamati.

Family Cottage
Multiple bedroom units with a living room, bathroom and kitchen.
Berg-en-dal, Letaba, Pretoriuskop, Punda Maria, Skukuza.

Guest Cottage
Multiple bedroom units with at least 2 bathroom of which one is en-suit, as well as a fully equipped kitchen.
Bateleur, Biyamiti, Lower Sabie, Letaba, Mopani, Orpen, Pretoriuskop, Satara, Shimuwini, Sirheni, Skukuza, Talamati.

Guest House
Multiple bedroom and bathroom units with lounge area and often with bar facility and exclusive view.
Berg-en-dal, Lower Sabie, Letaba, Mopani, Olifants, Pretoriuskop, Satara, Shingwedzi, Skukuza.

Hut
Single room units with communal kitchen and communal ablution facilities.

Balule, Lower Sabie, Letaba, Orpen, Pretoriuskop, Shingwedzi.

Safari Tent
Canvas  walled bedrooms on permanent platforms. Choose between communal facilities or fully equipped with kitchen and bedroom and more luxurious trimmings.
Crocodile Bride, Lower Sabie, Letaba, Punda Maria, Skukuza, Tamboti.

Sleep Over Hides
A bird hide by day, this unique overnight experience is exclusively available for guests from half an hour  prior to gate closing times. A sleep over hide must be reserved in entirety and must be vacated half an hour after gate opening times.
Sable, Shipandane.
 

Attractions

Tour Operators